Highly Integrated Battery Charger IC Use Case: Wireless Speakers

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In this use case, we’ll consider the application of fully integrated switching charger ICs in wireless speakers.

Electrical equipment such as high-power wireless speakers need multi-cell battery packs to handle the peak discharge power. The traditional solution for multi-cell battery chargers is composed of several discrete power MOSFETs and multiple auxiliary components.

In traditional discrete solutions, designers need at least two power MOSFETs for the charger’s DC/DC converter: one power MOSFET to prevent battery power from flowing back to the input, and another MOSFET if power path functionality from the battery is needed. Control loops that include sensing circuits, compensating circuits, PWM generators, and drivers are essential. Furthermore, the system needs circuits that offer protection, indications for the input source or any changes in operating conditions, and other functions.

These discrete components result in a complicated design process, lack of charging programmability, large board size, and high BOM costs.

The MP2759 is a highly integrated switching charger designed for charging applications with 1-cell to 6-cell series Li-ion, Li-polymer, and LiFePO4 battery packs. This IC integrates three power MOSFETs — plus programmable analog control circuits — into a 3mmx3mm package, and can operate reliably and safely with very few external components.

This fully integrated solution increases charging efficiency, reduces time-to-market, and saves on design costs while offering programmable charging parameters. Since speakers have a high peak-to-average load profile, the MP2759 implements and input current and voltage monitor in addition to the normal charging functionality. If the part is charging the battery while the speaker is drawing power from the adapter, it intelligently regulates the input current by decreasing the charge current, and then increases it once the usage power reduces. With only one external FET the MP2759 achieves this type of power path operation, which allows the speaker to be powered directly from the wall adapter even when the battery is deeply discharged This enables three key advantages:

  1. The speaker can immediately power on, regardless of the battery voltage, instead of having to wait for the battery to charge to a minimum level.
  2. The system designer can use a lower power-rated wall adapter, which only needs to be able to supply the maximum speaker load, and not the combination of system power plus battery power.
  3. Battery capacity naturally decays the more times a battery is charged. With the MP2759’s power path architecture, the speaker continues drawing power from the wall power source after the battery is fully charged, which minimizes the number of recharging cycles.

Additional features include:

  • Programmable Input Current Limit Regulation
  • Programmable Battery Charging Temperature Range
  • Battery Thermal Monitor and Protection with JEITA Profile
  • Up to 36V Operation Input Voltage and 40V Protection
  • Up to 3A Programmable Charge Current
  • Up to 6 Cell Series with 3.6V/4.0V/4.1V/4.15V/4.2V/4.35V/4.4V Battery Regulation Voltage for Each Cell
  • Input Minimum Voltage Regulation for MPPT
  • Support OR Selection Power-Path Management to Allow Instant-On with a Low Battery
  • 0.5% Battery Regulation Voltage Accuracy
  • 450kHz or 700kHz Switching Frequency
  • Integrated Reverse Blocking FET and Buck Switching FETs
  • Internal Loop Compensation
  • Charge Operation Indicator
  • Input Status Indicator
  • Battery Over-Voltage Protection
  • Charging Safety Timer
  • Die Over-Temperature Protection